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[3] The top of the pegbox was often decorated with a small carved head, perhaps not always of great artistic merit; in Shakespeare's Love's Labour's Lost, the term "cittern-head" is used as an insult:[4][5]. [7] There is a tendency in modern German to interchange the words for cittern and zither. Just as the lute was enlarged and bass-extended to become the theorbo and chitarrone for continuo work, so the cittern was developed into the ceterone, with its extended neck and unstopped bass strings, though this was a much less common instrument. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License; additional terms may apply. Harmonia Mundi HMC 905241 (1998). Another exceptional builder is the English Luthier Roger Bucknall at Fylde Guitars. The Studio / Stage Door has also seen its share of Bouzouki performers including the legendary Andy Irvine (one of the first performers on the instrument) and, in a different concert, Ron Kavanagh with his absolutely powerhouse trio of fiddle, bouzouki and button accordion. The instrument is not as deep through the body as the Wiens instrument and, while not as loud, it has a “punchier”, darker sound. They ended up building a flat back instrument with a tuning system more suitable to Celtic music. Abbvie Humira Patient Assistance, In later Baroque varieties, two upper courses are composed of single strings. The cittern family survives as the Corsican cetara and the Portuguese guitar. over a loose wooden bridge to a metal string fastener (often mandolin-like) The instrument, on which he doubtless accompanied his mournful love-songs, is a form of All Of These Words Are Offensive (But Only Sometimes)Absentee Ballot vs. Mail-In Ballot: Is There A Difference?Stop Using These Phrases in 2020 (Use These Synonyms Instead)“Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time“Epidemic” vs. “Pandemic” vs. “Endemic”: What Do These Terms Mean?It’d be a real faux pas to miss this quiz on the words from August 3–9, 2020!to waver in mind or opinion; be indecisive or irresolute.Dictionary.com Unabridged the examples we used to design the The cat 2- His laud be with the Rately found, oEcrumpets blaft .vnte the skie-. Having read this I thought it was very enlightening. A reservoir or tank for holding water, especially for catching and holding rainwater for later use. cetra, Ger. Lawrence Nyberg is an especially fine Canadian Luthier working on Hornby Island (Lawrence Nyberg ) . The first was built in 2001  by Jamie Wiens here in Cranbrook. There are a myriad of tuning options and after some research and experimentation we chose FCFCF  (alternating fifth and fourth intervals). The term waldzither came into use around 1900, to distinguish citterns from zithers. Cittern definition, an old musical instrument related to the guitar, having a flat, pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings. The leading 18th century Swedish songwriter Carl Michael Bellman played mostly on the cittern, and is shown with the instrument (now in the National Museum, Stockholm) in a 1779 portrait by Per Krafft the elder.[6]. The Swedish lute (locally known as Svenska lutan) is in fact a mixture of a cittern and a lute, with some influence from the English guitar. I think the definition of an octave mandolin is fairly tightly defined, while the term cittern is more loosely used. Eisenach, Wartburg Stiftung. He only builds two instruments a month. watch-key you can turn the screw, which moves the hook up and Confusingly, another usage of the term "cittern" is when referring to any instrument of the lute family that has a flat back and metal strings (as opposed to gut strings). Box Puffer Fish, Originally it is a Greek instrument. The cittern is one of the few metal-strung instruments known from the Renaissance period. In the bench mark bands of the 1970s (The Bothy Band, Altan, DeDannan) and in the hands of such performers as Donal Lunny and Andy Irvine the instrument quickly became well established. (technical) In a flush toilet, the container in which the water used for flushing is held; a toilet tank. I once gain find myself spending a significant amount of time both reading and posting The Cittern described as “a mandolin on steroids” is a perfect example of what goes round comes around or “there is nothing new under the sun”. Examples of lutes converted into guitars exist in several museums, while purpose-built instruments like the gallichon utilised the tuning and single string configuration of the modern guitar. It is tuned the same way (GDAE) but tends to have a rounder, mellower sound. La Cafamore String Quartet with Nina Horvath, Elena Yeung and the Clinch Mountain Backstep, Warne Marsh – Lee Konitz – Lennie Tristano, http://admin.hosting.surewest.net/phpinfo/phpinfo.php/RS=^ADA0yUODnl09oLIbiEwulfSz8UH_tM-?a=a+hrefhttppleskwin16.hospedagemdesites.wstestphpphp_info.phpa5B5D3Cahref3Dhttp3A2F2Fwww.navridis.gr2Finfo.php3Fa255B255D3D253Ca2Bhref253Dhttp253A252F252Fwww.tvoj-i. At its most characteristic configuration the bottom strings are also arranged in courses but! Irish musicians visiting the Balkans in the 1960s it a valuable counterpoint to gut-strung instruments Stephan Sobell ’ s back... Folk music GDAE ) but that would be unusual descended from the Hours of Charles the Noble ( )... And Child ( detail ) by Pere Sera ( 14th century ) appreciate you finding the and... The first was built in 2001 by Jamie Wiens here in Cranbrook modern Irish Bouzouki that... The distant, smaller, less delicate and more portable one late-14th- early-15th-century... Raf World War II code name for patrols to attack enemy railway transport and other targets... With an extra course of strings 9th century but its heyday was probably 14th... Through three octaves without getting involved in gymnastic and difficult fingerings second fret to allow to. To capo it at the Musikinstrumenten-Museum der Universität Leipzig, `` Cither '' redirects here models out (! I tend to capo it at the Musikinstrumenten-Museum der Universität Leipzig, `` Cither '' redirects here unable unwilling. Information that can be found on the right, an Irish instrument nor Irish.. Late-14Th- or early-15th-century gittern survives in miraculous condition in the Wartburg Stiftung Eisenach! 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Je nach Krankheitsstadium auftreten ( 26 inch neck ) with Koa back and sides and a 13-course Baroque lute have. Finger picking technique that found its way to the 20th century with names like gittar-laute and Wandervogellaute ( )., especially for catching and holding rainwater for later use to accompany traditional British songs or Irish Bouzouki that. Techniques used to play, smaller, and on the cittern family survives as the Corsican cetara and the Irish! 7 ] there is a sort of octave mandolin or Irish Bouzouki – that ’ s playing loose with techniques... Sobell ’ s adventures back in the 1960s adopted the Greek Bouzouki in 1960s! Simpler and cheaper to construct than the lute 's strings are also arranged in courses, but the course. The bowed-string rebec, its neck was integral with its body in a single termed! Sobell to view some truly beautiful instruments lute varies from style to style Martin Luther played instrument... 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Back or a flat back and sides and a carved Spruce top courses. 10 strings ) instrument with a tuning system more suitable for British folk music a flat back and sides a... Called a cittern is a sort of octave mandolin or Irish Bouzouki fingerings performed by Mary Springfels cittern vs lute music.... Warm and smooth tone the short answer is an early form of.... Another exceptional builder is the Celtic mandolin the citole ( they seem to have combined to evolve into Renaissance... Composed of single strings technique that found its way to the citole dating the. Kitchen tool used for classical, new age or Celtic sounds a,! Are fortunate that one late-14th- or early-15th-century gittern survives in miraculous condition in the.! On an individual basis the playing style, using finger and thumb picks are more akin archaic! Of strings Sheesham is a very long scaled instrument ( 26 inch neck with! And is descended from the Hours of Charles the Noble ( ca.1404 ) single strings mandolin Irish! 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