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live cover horse breeding

Unfortunately, quite a bit of the sub-fertility on these stallions is man-made. Does Your Horse Get Burdocks (Burrs) in His Eyes? User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The mare is then presented to the stallion with a sufficient number of handlers to manage the behavior of both the mare and the stallion. However, old dogma will tell you that live cover has the highest pregnancy rates, followed by artificial insemination with fresh semen, fresh-cooled semen and, finally, frozen semen. In these cases, close mare management (pre- and especially post-breeding) is crucial for success and your expectations as a mare owner should be tempered by the knowledge that we may need to breed the mare over multiple cycles. In general, a per-cycle pregnancy rate of >60% per cycle is the industry-accepted level of fertility for a stallion for live-cover, fresh or fresh-cooled semen. Horse breeding is reproduction in horses, and particularly the human-directed process of selective breeding of animals, particularly purebred horses of a given breed.Planned matings can be used to produce specifically desired characteristics in domesticated horses. Also, the mare does not have to travel to the stallion so the process is less stressful for her. Drawbacks to natural stallion management include the risk of injury to the stallion or mare in the process of breeding, and problems related to the determination of the breeding date, and hence, the foaling date of a given mare. Are they doing everything correctly? When live cover breeding is decided upon, the mare is usually boarded at the stud farm. When live cover breeding is decided upon, the mare is usually boarded at the stud farm. Stallion handling requires some special skills that include self-confidence, an understanding of stallion psychology, and the ability to anticipate the stallions behavior and make quick decisions. Semen Comparison: Live Cover, Fresh, Fresh Cooled, Frozen, The Physical Examination - 120 Seconds and $0, Irongate Equine Clinic, 1848 Waldorf Boulevard, Madison, WI, 53719, United States, Everything You Need to Know About Laminitis, Ringbone in Horses - Diagnosis & Treatment, Adequan and Legend - Healing Your Horse's Joints. Stallions that are confined require carefully balanced nutrition and exercise for optimal health and fertility. Here, we’ll walk you through the various options for breeding, including live cover and artificial insemination. Usually a veterinarian will determine if the mare is ready to be bred by use of ultrasound or palpating daily to determine if ovulation has occurred. Contact us today to talk about breeding your mare or standing your stallion at stud. Commercial royalty-free license options. EquiMed® and Horse Health Matters® are registered trademarks of EquiMed, LLC. The main disadvantage of pasture breeding is the risk that a stallion will be injured by a kicking mare, although the chances of this happening are small. Equine Reproductive Maturity in Mares and Stallions, Advantages of Embryo Transfer for Both Mare and Owner. Compendia articles, core healthcare topics and more are written and updated as a group effort. Historical pregnancy rates – If the stallion manager will release the information, you should ask for historical numbers on the stallion’s per-cycle pregnancy rates (not his seasonal rate) for the various forms of AI in which he is being offered. There are a lot of unanswered questions here, and that’s because each situation is unique! In many cases, the conception rates for marginally fertile stallions is improved in the pasture breeding setting. The space required for pasture breeding for one mare and a stallion requires no more space than a large paddock. received before live cover will be performed. Progressive Motility – This is the buzzword or phrase that many breeders want to hear about and hang their hat on. Thoroughbred stallions must “live cover” a thoroughbred broodmare for their offspring to become a registered thoroughbred racehorse, Quarterhorse broodmares can be either “live covered” or artificially inseminated. The first misconception to get out of the way is that one method is, by definition, better than the rest. It also decreases the risk of spreading reproductive infections and eliminates the chance of breeding injuries. The subsequent parts of the process will have as much of an effect on your expenses and the success of the breeding as the stallion choice. Also, when a stallion has the run of a pasture, there is a risk that the stallion may be stolen or may escape and wander the near-by roads. When working with stallions, always be aware that the most gentle stallion has natural instincts that can go against human training. Ideally, we have an approximately twelve-hour time frame surrounding ovulation to inseminate the mare for optimal success – 6 hours prior to and 6 hour after ovulation. Mare management – Consider your veterinarian’s ability to manage your mare. Handling a breeding stallion can be a dangerous job. Stallions are individuals and should be handled only by people that are experienced with horses and readily recognize inappropriate behavior which must be corrected before the stallion becomes dangerous. This is extremely stallion and mare dependent. If you’re far from your mare and aren’t confident in her management, that should play a significant part in your decision about semen form selection. Only a trained and skilled handler should attempt to handle a stallion in a breeding situation. This is extremely stallion and mare dependent. Regarding artificial insemination, we’ll cover fresh, fresh cooled, and frozen semen. Artificial insemination is by no means a new development in horse breeding. For frozen semen, the knowledge that the individual stallion’s frozen semen has resulted in pregnancies is the crucial piece of information needed prior to investing in doses of his semen. Are you inseminating the mare at the right time, and are you making sure she’s ovulating? Other risks in natural management include the fact that stallions may break down fences to fight another stallion, or possibly mate with the wrong mare, thereby putting the pedigree of a foal in question. Is she being examined on the days following breeding? If you decide to breed your horse, you will have many decisions to make. The mare is usually "teased" several times with a stallion that will not be bred to her, usually with the stallion separated from the mare over a barrier or fence. A live foal is described as a newborn foal which stands and nurses without assistance. Some managers make a compromise between the natural and confined types of management by providing stallions with daily turn-out time in a field where they can see, smell and hear other horses. Pasture breeding, where the stallion is put out with mares in a large natural setting with nature taking its course is excellent training for young stallions who learn the code of mating through contact with experienced mares. For adults working with a stallion, it is important to have the right equipment along with a plan in mind for each step or maneuver that will be required of the stallion. Nothing is more detrimental to the handler/stallion relationship than for the horse to realize that it is physically stronger and has the upper hand, and, therefore, dares to become willful, unpredictable and potentially dangerous. The success of a specific breeding and breeding method depends a great deal on the mare, her age, her prior number of pregnancies and the health of her reproductive tract. Have you exposed the semen to light or temperature that would harm it? However, it is only one factor out of five or six that we consider to assess potential fertility.

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