cittern vs lute

The short answer is an Irish Bouzouki, on the left, and on the right, an Irish Cittern. cistre, It. A tradition of building round-backed guitars in Germany continued to the 20th century with names like gittar-laute and Wandervogellaute. You also have knowledge of some songs commonly performed with that instrument. Alas, the instrument has developed a crack in the top and is currently in Kevin Turner’s Crow’s Nest Pass work shop (Chinook Guitars)  being repaired. Last but not least – The distant, smaller, and possibly older cousin of Citterns and Bouzoukis is the Celtic Mandolin. The Lloyd Loar Florentine BlueGrass design is thoroughly entrenched in North America and the round-hole models favored by Jazz, Classical, Brazilian and Celtic players are relatively hard to find. Derived from the citole, a similar 14th- and 15th-century instrument with gut strings, the cittern had four unison courses of wire strings. The lute's strings are also arranged in courses, but the highest-pitched course usually consists of only a single string termed the chanterelle. Aber auch andere Symptome können je nach Krankheitsstadium auftreten. It is tuned the same way (GDAE) but tends to have a rounder, mellower sound. In Germany the cittern survives under the names Waldzither and Lutherzither. Kshetrayya Padams List, Check his website \stephan Sobell to view some truly beautiful instruments. There are a myriad of tuning options and after some research and experimentation we chose FCFCF  (alternating fifth and fourth intervals). To solve the problem he started building similar instruments of his own design. In the 1960s the English folk performer and Luthier Stephan Sobell acquired a Portuguese Guittara that he started using to accompany traditional British songs. A relative of the gittern was the citole (they seem to have combined to evolve into the Renaissance cittern). Bluegrass players like the hard “bark” of an instrument that enables them to lay down the distinctive chop on the “two and four beat” of BlueGrass music. Having such a long neck it is possible to play the same chords through three octaves without getting involved in gymnastic and difficult fingerings. He has a number of models including a 24 inch scale length model with a carved Spruce top, Rosewood back and sides and is equipped with a Headway pickup. They are two mandolin like  instruments that you are unlikely to find on the rack in your average music store. witbhcaueas. Barcelona, Museo de Arte Catalu¤a. Crawford Young. Required fields are marked *. [7] There is a tendency in modern German to interchange the words for cittern and zither. is fanshape, not parallel like on the Preston It is often played single-line, with a plectrum (mandolin-like).The body shape varies, depending on the maker (these Altus Cittern and Lute begin the repeat after only a minim on the final note of the song, whilst the other parts hold this note a full semibreve. Unlike the lute but like the bowed-string rebec, its neck was integral with its body in a single piece of wood. cistro, cedra, cítola) is a stringed instrument dating from the Renaissance.Modern scholars debate its exact history, but it is generally accepted that it is descended from the Medieval citole (or cytole). Cittern definition, an old musical instrument related to the guitar, having a flat, pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings. It was also easier to play, smaller, less delicate and more portable. In addition, the Doss lute can be used to cast animal friendship, protection from energy (fire only), and protection from poison. Madrid, Escorial Monastery MS b.I.2. The neck was provided with a fretted fingerboard; the head was curved and surmounted by a grotesque head of a woman or of an animal. See Wiktionary Terms of Use for details. The term waldzither came into use around 1900, to distinguish citterns from zithers. Eisenach, Wartburg Stiftung. While Sheesham is a dark wood that provides a warm and smooth tone. London, British Museum. ern instrument most often called a cittern is a sort of octave mandolin or Irish bouzouki with an extra course of strings. The Traditional Irish Bouzouki – that’s playing loose with the language. solo music. I think the definition of an octave mandolin is fairly tightly defined, while the term cittern is more loosely used. In later Baroque varieties, two upper courses are composed of single strings. It was developed mainly by Mathias Kraft from Stockholm, in the second half of the 18th century. But I digress from Stephan Sobell’s adventures back in the 60s. I tend to capo it at the second fret to allow me to use Irish Bouzouki fingerings. Manuscript illumination from the Cantigas de Santa Maria (late 13th century). Il Solazzo. cetra, Ger. Cleveland Museum of Art 64.40, fol. Playing Differences. instruments are often handmade). 7 Day Alaska Cruise From Seattle, The lute's strings are also arranged in courses, but the highest-pitched course usually consists of only a single string termed the chanterelle. Eigentlich ist Zittern (medizinisch: Tremor) eine normale Aktion des Körpers. Another exceptional builder is the English Luthier Roger Bucknall at Fylde Guitars. Meriwether Lewis Campground, Much information that can be found on the cittern incor-rectly con ates the Renaissance and modern instrument. The cittern may have a range of only an octave between its lowest and highest strings and employs a re-entrant tuning[2] – a tuning in which the string that is physically uppermost is not the lowest, as is also the case with the five-string banjo and most ukuleles for example.

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